Once an allergy has been diagnosed by your allergologist, the next step is symptom reduction to a minimum by avoiding the allergen as much as possible and by finding the best matching treatment. In most cases patients with an allergy require more than just avoiding exposure to the allergen.
Often people with allergies will need to take medication to control their condition. The key elements of treatment of allergic disease are to do the following without causing excess side effects: reduce symptoms, minimize restrictions in lifestyle, improve quality of life (QoL) and reduce time lost from school and work.
Allergy Immunotherapy (AIT)
Allergy immunotherapy (AIT) is an allergy treatment that treats the underlying cause of an allergy, rather than dealing only with the allergy symptoms such as oral antihistamines (e.g. Zyrtec®, Benadryl® etc.), corticosteroides and topical steroids (e.g. Nasonex® Spray).
Modern allergy immunotherapy treatments have been proven in studies to likely provide both quick- within a few months-and long lasting improvement of all symptoms. AIT helps the immune system to build a resistance to an allergy by changing the types and proportions of antibodies (immunoglobulins) and proteins (interleukins) it produces when it is exposed to the allergen.
After diagnosis of the type of airborne allergy, patients receive a targeted treatment for the responsible allergen (e.g. grass pollen, house dust mites etc.). AIT is available in a sublingual form (tablets or drops) or in a subcutaneous form (injections). Sublingual treatment is most appreciated by patients with time constraints and frequent travelers as it doesn’t require the see the allergologist on a monthly interval for injections.
Complementary medicine for allergy treatment
The number of practitioners offering complementary has grown over the last decades and many treatments have now gained mainstream medical acceptance. It is not fully understood how complementary therapies work, but, if the patient finds one that works and is affordable, than it should be used after checking with an allergologist.
It is imperative that complementary therapies should never be applied in the case of an acute allergic reaction. Only fast acting antihistamines and corticosteroids will offer the most effective solutions.
Treatments commonly used in allergy treatment are homeopathy, acupuncture, herbal medicine, enzyme potentiated desensitization (EP), Ionization, ozone therapy and Nampudripad’s Allergy Elimination Technique (NAET).